Beginning in the late 1930s, New Criticism became the dominant method of critical inquiry. It evaluates literary texts, including films, based upon a set of formal criteria involving attention to technical aspects of a work of art. The technical artistry of a work matters more than any cultural or historical context. In fact, at its extreme, New Criticism decontextualizes the work altogether. Because New Criticism so dominated academic debate until well into the 1980s, cinema Westerns, as well as popular Western novels, did not merit much respect as works of art. Since cultural contexts of a work of art are irrelevant to the “new critic,” the Western was viewed as a hopelessly flawed genre. For the new critic, Westerns were trite formulaic renditions of superficial stories based primarily on cliches. Only after New Criticism ceased being an influence did cinema Westerns begin to develop any measure of artistic respectability at all. Structuralism is often viewed as the successor to New Criticism.

Historical Dictionary of Westerns in Cinema. . 2012.

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  • new criticism — new critic, New Critic. (often caps.) an approach to the critical study of literature that concentrates on textual explication and rejects historical and biographical study as irrelevant to an understanding of the total formal organization of a… …   Universalium

  • New Criticism — Le new criticism est le courant dominant de la critique littéraire anglo saxonne des années 1920 jusqu au début des années 1960. Personnalités du New Criticism Monroe Beardsley Cleanth Brooks T.S. Eliot William Empson F.R. Leavis John Crowe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • New Criticism — New Cri|ti|cism [ nju: kritisizm] der; <aus gleichbed. engl. amerik. new criticism, eigtl. »neue Kritik«> eine vorwiegend formalästhetisch wertende Form der Literaturkritik in den USA u. in England …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • new criticism — ● new criticism nom masculin Mouvement littéraire et critique constitué aux États Unis dans les années 1930 par des créateurs soucieux d art poétique et d enracinement culturel (apologie du Sud) et qui a persisté jusqu aux années 1950. (Il fut… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • New Criticism — ☆ New Criticism n. a method of literary analysis, in vogue in the mid 20th cent., stressing close examination of the text itself, its tone, imagery, structure, etc …   English World dictionary

  • New criticism — Este artículo o sección sobre literatura necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 24 de octubre de 2007. También puedes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • New criticism — Le new criticism est le courant dominant de la critique littéraire anglo saxonne des années 1920 jusqu au début des années 1960. Personnalités du New Criticism Monroe Beardsley Cleanth Brooks T. S. Eliot William Empson F. R. Leavis John Crowe… …   Wikipédia en Français

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